It is imperative for China to vigorously develop g

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It is imperative for China to vigorously develop green packaging and printing

packaging and printing plays a very important role in protecting products, beautifying commodities, publicizing corporate culture and realizing the storage, preservation, transportation, sales and use of goods. At the same time, it also beautifies people's lives, meets the growing material and cultural needs of the broad masses of the people, and promotes and drives consumption

the framework of packaging and printing plays a bridge between commodity production, sales and consumption. It plays an important role in improving the added value of commodities and enhancing the competitiveness of commodities. In 2003, the total output value of China's printing industry was 190billion yuan, accounting for 2.9% of the total output value of the world's printing industry (780billion US dollars), and 1.6% of China's GDP of 11.6 trillion yuan in 2003. Over the past 20 years, China's packaging industry has developed rapidly. The total output value of the national packaging industry increased from 7.2 billion yuan in 1980 to 250billion yuan in 2003, an increase of 34.7 times, with an average annual growth rate of 16.7%. From 1980 to 1997, its growth rate was much higher than that of the GNP in the same period. After 1998, the average growth rate of the packaging industry tended to be normal, about 10%. It is estimated that by 2005, the total output value of the national packaging industry will reach 320 billion yuan; in 2010, it is expected to reach 450 billion yuan and realize profits and taxes of 32 billion yuan. On the whole, China's packaging and printing industry has not really become an important pillar industry of the national economy, and it is not an important part of the information industry. At the same time, the problems of resource waste, environmental pollution and hindering sustainable development exposed in the packaging and printing industry cannot be ignored

1. Over packaging

packaging has two functions: one is to protect goods from damage and deterioration in manufacturing, transportation, storage and sales; The second is to beautify, publicize and add value to commodities. If the second function of packaging is unilaterally exaggerated, it is easy to cause excessive packaging. Some commodities are beyond the gold and jade, but they are in the dark; There are only a small part of the goods in the huge packing boxes stacked one after another: some look magnificent, rich and decent, and their packaging costs are higher than those of the goods for sale; There are more fake goods like "there is no bird's nest in the bird's nest, and there is no honey in the honey". More than 70% of all kinds of packaging waste can be reduced by excessive packaging

excessive packaging has become a source of environmental pollution that cannot be ignored, and it is a problem that must be paid attention to and urgently solved. At present, there are three major disadvantages in the growing over packaging of goods:

first, over packaging has caused a waste of resources, environmental pollution, and a large amount of waste. For every 10million boxes of moon cakes, at least 400 ~ 600 trees with a diameter of 10 cm at breast height will be consumed. At present, China uses 240000 tons of paper only for packaging boxes every year, which is equivalent to cutting down 1.68 million thick trees. The rapid disappearance of forests has caused serious soil erosion and desertification at the source of rivers, and the dust function of the region is in disorder. The total amount of land water resources in China is 280million cubic meters, ranking sixth in the world, but the per capita share of water resources is only 2200 cubic meters, only 1/4 of the world's per capita level, ranking 88th in the world. The annual industrial output value is reduced by 100billion Yuan due to the shutdown of enterprises due to water shortage

now a lot of forests have become wrapping paper, and excessive packaging has made the endangered natural resources worse. At the same time, all kinds of exquisite and luxurious packaging turn into garbage and lose value in the hands of consumers. At present, among the nearly 3million tons of garbage produced in Beijing every year, the packaging of various commodities is about 830000 tons, of which 600000 tons are excessive packaging that could have been avoided. In China, more than 50 billion yuan of solid waste and renewable resources that can be comprehensively utilized and recycled are not recycled every year

second, it infringes the rights and interests of consumers. Excessive packaging has caused the rising cost of goods, which has been passed on to consumers by businesses. For example, the moon cakes produced by an enterprise are divided into three grades: 6 yuan, 8 yuan and 12 yuan in bulk, but after the same moon cakes are loaded into cartons, wooden boxes, iron boxes and bamboo flower baskets respectively, it turns into a box of 50 yuan, 80 yuan, 120 yuan and 300 yuan. According to statistics, China's current packaging spending has accounted for more than 1/3 of the total cost of moon cake production, and the annual cost of moon cake packaging has reached 2.5 billion yuan. This huge amount of packaging spending in the past two years will ultimately be "paid by consumers"

third, it encourages unfair competition. Now, many businesses do not spend a lot of energy on improving product quality, but blindly pursue "high-grade" and "high-grade" packaging. Serious comparisons not only harm the interests of consumers, but also are not conducive to the development of social productivity

in view of the current flooding of excessive packaging, we should start from the following two points: first, limit the spread of excessive packaging through laws and regulations. To sum up, there are mainly the following three means: first, standard control, that is, set restrictions on the volume of packaging, the gap between packaging and goods, the number of packaging layers, and the ratio of packaging cost to commodity value; The second is to control economic means, such as levying packaging tax on non paper packaging and packaging that cannot meet the recycling requirements, and guiding the consumption of high nickel materials through waste measurement and charging, mainly referring to the increase of nickel content in 3-yuan materials, and those who pay choose simple packaging; Third, increase the number of producers, and stipulate that commodity producers are responsible for recycling commodity packaging. Usually, deposit system can be used to entrust relevant commercial institutions to recycle packaging. In order to facilitate recycling, producers will actively choose packaging designs that use less materials and are easy to recycle

II. Green packaging

1. definitions and misunderstandings

the so-called "green packaging" refers to packaging that is harmless to the ecological environment and human health, can be recycled and recycled, and can promote sustainable development. Developed countries in the world have determined the "3r+1d" principle of green packaging, that is, low energy consumption, new green, reuse, recyclability and degradability. Due to the limited forest resources in China, the pollution problem caused by papermaking is difficult to solve in a short time. If we fully implement the replacement of plastic packaging with paper, it is neither realistic nor environmentally friendly. A comprehensive ban on plastic packaging will cause greater pollution

2. necessary measures

China's green packaging industry started late, but developed rapidly. At present, there are still some problems in the industry, such as one-sided understanding of green packaging and unbalanced development. To vigorously develop China's green packaging industry, we must start from the following three aspects:

first, strengthen the development and research of green packaging materials. The emergence of paper packaging materials and new materials such as edible, degradable and recycled materials has eased the pressure on the ecological environment, reduced the consumption of increasingly exhausted oil resources, reduced environmental pollution, and also solved the "green barrier" to China's export commodities caused by the international prohibition of the use of non degradable packaging materials. The extensive production and use of green packaging materials, whether from the practical perspective of environmental protection, or from the overall situation of sustainable development of the national economy, or from the perspective of high-tech packaging materials technology, is of great significance. It is also a concrete embodiment of the implementation of the scientific concept of development in the packaging and printing industry

second, optimize the green packaging design. Packaging design should follow the design concept of harmlessness, ecology and energy conservation, and comprehensively evaluate the utilization of resources, environmental impact and solutions from many aspects, such as material selection, structure and function, manufacturing process, packaging mode, storage form, product use and waste disposal

The third is to improve the legal system. China's green packaging must establish and improve China's legal and regulatory system of green packaging in accordance with international practices. On the one hand, in view of the poor development of China's packaging industry, with the increasing proportion of plastic packaging in the packaging industry, the government should issue corresponding laws and regulations to restrict it and guide it to develop in a healthy direction from a macro perspective; on the other hand, the government needs to give policy support to speed up the shortening of the gap with developed countries

for a long time, China's packaging and printing industry has developed extensively under the conditions of high consumption, high energy consumption and high pollution. However, with the fragility of the ecosystem of human dust, the deterioration of environmental quality and the high lack of resources, we can no longer follow the traditional development model in terms of resource stock and environmental carrying capacity. If the control system maintenance of digital display electronic tensile testing machine: the brush industry continues to follow the road of traditional economic development, it can only slow down the process of China's modernization and hinder the healthy and sustainable development of the packaging and printing industry

based on the rapid development of packaging and printing industry, we should pay attention to the overall planning of industry structure, efficiency and quality. Vigorously developing green packaging and printing is the concrete manifestation of circular economy in the packaging and printing industry, the essential requirement of developing circular economy and the concept of comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, and a powerful measure to establish a resource-saving society and promote the harmony between man and nature. All colleagues in the packaging and printing industry should understand from a strategic height, grasp the importance and urgency of developing circular economy with an overall perspective, and further enhance their consciousness and sense of responsibility

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